https://ephjournal.org/index.php/as/issue/feed EPH - International Journal of Applied Science 2022-06-30T09:58:56+00:00 Naveen Malik editor@ephjournal.org Open Journal Systems <p><strong><span id="cell-2-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Applied Science (ISSN: 2208-2182)&nbsp;</span></span></strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Pharmacy, Zoology, Health sciences, Agriculture and Forestry, Environmental sciences, Mathematics, Statistics, Animal Science, Bio Technology, Medical Sciences, Geology, Social Sciences, Natural sciences, Political Science, Urban Development etc.<br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.496</span></strong></span></p> https://ephjournal.org/index.php/as/article/view/1384 MORPHOLOGICAL, MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION AND CONTROL OF CYANOBACTERIA FROM WALL PAINTINGS AT NIAH, SARAWAK, TEMBURONG AND PERAK CAVES IN MALAYSIA 2019-07-27T19:49:04+00:00 M. A. Aisha fatmagorj@yahoo.com Fatma. M. A. El-Garj fatmagorj@yahoo.com W.O. Maznah fatmagorj@yahoo.com <p><em>Malaysia is a country of numerous natural wonders, which include a collection of impressive cave formations. Found all over the country, these caves contain rock art and wall paintings. The samples were collected from wall surfaces painted caves of Niah, Sarawak, and Tempurung, Perak. Three cyanobacterial genera, have been characterized using a polyphasic approach by comparing phenotypic characteristics, using a light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Molecular characteristics, by confirmed their identification based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. The microflora from both sampling locations was represented by three cyanobacteria morphospecies, Synechococcus sp. (18.78%), Gloeocapsa sp. (12.20%), Chroococcus sp. (4.94%). The cells were enclosed in hyaline mucilage and with cells usually aggregating in large numbers to form colonies. Gloeocapsa sp. cells were spherical, blue- green homogeneous contents, enclosed by wide colorless sheaths, of diameter 2-4m, with sheaths 4-8m. Chloroococcus sp. cells were spherical, sometimes hemispherical after division, united cell in colonies of two sheath, sheath is colorless and the individual cells were large; 20-28m in diameter. According to DNA sequence analysis, cyanobacteria l was closely related to Synechococcus sp, (99% similarity), cyanobacteria ll was found to be similar to Gloeocapsa sp. (97% similarity) and cyanobacteria lll was Chroococcus sp. (95% similarity).</em></p> <p> </p> 2019-05-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019