https://ephjournal.org/index.php/aer/issue/feed EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) 2020-11-04T02:47:55+00:00 Naveen Malik editor@ephjournals.org Open Journal Systems <p><strong><span id="cell-8-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158)</span></span>&nbsp;</strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant pathology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal scienceVeterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery etc. <br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.417</span></strong></span></p> https://ephjournal.org/index.php/aer/article/view/1733 Farmers Perceptions on soil erosion in Sebeya catchment, Rwanda 2020-10-17T16:20:35+00:00 Félicien Majoro majoro.felicien@yahoo.fr Umaru Garba Wali ugarbawali@gmail.com Omar Munyaneza omarmunyaneza1@gmail.com François-Xavier Naramabuye naramabuyefrancois@gmail.com Eric Derrick Bugenimana isimbiella@gmail.com Concilie Mukamwambali mukamwambalic@yahoo.fr <p><em>Soil erosion is one of the major causes of land degradation which result in low agriculture productivity. Especially, western part of Rwanda including Sebeya catchment has high susceptibility to erosion leading to huge amounts of soil loss. This study held to explore the actual status of soil erosion in Sebeya catchment. Global Information System data were used for catchment delineation. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analyzed. Specifically, 75 farmers living and </em><em>having farm lands </em><em>in the catchment were interviewed in terms of knowledge on soil erosion, causes and control measures. The results showed that streambank erosion is due to the erosive power of runoff from uplands areas with (18.7%). </em><em>The main natural causes of soil erosion in Sebeya catchment are heavy rainfall (69.33%) and the slope steepness (28%). Public and private land conservation </em><em>agencies should be more involved in soil management centred on </em><em>farmer’s awareness and capacity building. &nbsp;</em></p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) https://ephjournal.org/index.php/aer/article/view/1732 Evaluation of the resistance of sorghum varieties against Phoma sorghina in field conditions in Burkina Faso 2020-10-15T12:43:51+00:00 Schémaéza BONZI ouakobonzi@yahoo.fr Rachelle MALGOUBRI rmalgoubri@yahoo.fr Noufou OUEDRAOGO arnoufou2@yahoo.fr Irénée SOMDA ireneesomda@yahoo.fr <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>Phoma sorghina</em>, one of mold pathogen agents, is commonly and abundantly found on sorghum seed. In order to contribute to the improvement of grain quality, we undertook to evaluate the resistance of sorghum varieties in field. <em>P. sorghina</em> was assessed on vegetative organs and on the harvested grains using Blotter method according to ISTA 1999. The results revealed that <em>P. sorghina</em> is present at variable frequencies depending on the organ and the variety of sorghum tested. On harvested grains, low infection rates have been noted from protected panicles in comparison with unprotected ones with relatively high rates infection. With regards to <em>P. sorghina</em> infection, we have identified that Gnonfing is susceptible and in opposite Sariaso 08 is resistant to infection by <em>P. sorghina</em>. The results of this activity can be used by sorghum breeders in order to improve the resistance of the most commonly varieties of sorghum against <em>P. sorghina</em>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158)