Evaluation of the resistance of sorghum varieties against Phoma sorghina in field conditions in Burkina Faso

Resistance of sorghum varieties againts Phoma sorghina

Authors

  • Schémaéza BONZI UNB
  • Rachelle MALGOUBRI
  • Noufou OUEDRAOGO
  • Irénée SOMDA

Keywords:

Key Word: Sorghum varieties, Phoma sorghina, sensitive, resistant, Burkina Faso.

Abstract

Abstract

Phoma sorghina, one of mold pathogen agents, is commonly and abundantly found on sorghum seed. In order to contribute to the improvement of grain quality, we undertook to evaluate the resistance of sorghum varieties in field. P. sorghina was assessed on vegetative organs and on the harvested grains using Blotter method according to ISTA 1999. The results revealed that P. sorghina is present at variable frequencies depending on the organ and the variety of sorghum tested. On harvested grains, low infection rates have been noted from protected panicles in comparison with unprotected ones with relatively high rates infection. With regards to P. sorghina infection, we have identified that Gnonfing is susceptible and in opposite Sariaso 08 is resistant to infection by P. sorghina. The results of this activity can be used by sorghum breeders in order to improve the resistance of the most commonly varieties of sorghum against P. sorghina.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

References

Bonzi S., (2013) ; Evaluation de la mycoflore des semences de sorgho et de Poaceae sauvages : Analyse de la variabilité des isolats de Phoma sorghina (Sacc.) Boerema Dorenbosch et Van Kest. et recherche de méthodes de lutte alternatives. Thèse de Doctorat de l’Université Polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, 136p.

Zida P. E., Somda I., Séréme P., Néya A., Néya J. B., Leth V., Torp Ole J., Lund S., (2010). Les maladies fongiques transmises par les semences de sorgho au Burkina Faso: Importance, Méthodes de détection et moyens de lutte, Bulletin technique, Burkina Faso, 39p.

Zida PE, Sérémé P, Leth V, Sankara P, Somda I, Néya A. 2008. Importance of seed-borne fungi of sorghum and pearl millet in Burkina Faso and their control using plant extracts. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 11(3) : 321-331.

Bonzi S., Somda I., Zida E., Sérémé P., (2012); Efficacy of plant extracts and effect of seed soaking duration on treatment of sorghum seed naturally infected by Colletotrichum graminicola and Phoma sorghina. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 45: 1404-1410.

Castor L. L., Frederiksen R. A., (1980). Fusarium head blight occurrence and effects on sorghum yield and grain characteristics in Texas. Plant Disease, 64:1017-1019.

Williams R. J., Rao K. N., (1984); A review of sorghum grain moulds. Tropical Pest Management. 27: 200-211.

Punithalingam E., (1985); Description of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria. Plant Pathology, 55:1234.

Boiron P., (2006) ; Champignons toxinogènes et mycotoxicoses. Laboratoire de Mycologie, Faculté de pharmacie, Lyon, France, 71p.

Pazoutova S. (2009); Genetic variation of Phoma sorghina isolates from Southern Africa and Texas. Folia Microbioogy, 54 (3): 217-229.

Somda I., Leth V., Sérémé P., (2007); Antifungal Effect of Cymbopogon citratus, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Azadirachta indica Oil Extracts on Sorghum Seed-Borne Fungi.Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6: 1182-1189.

Guinko S., (1984) ; Végétation de la Haute Volta. Thèse de Doctorat d’État, Université de Bordeaux, France Np

ISTA, (1999); International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Science and Technology, 23:269p.

Mathur S. B., Kongsdal O., (2003); Common Laboratory Seed Health Testing Methods for Detecting Fungi. First edition, Kandrups Bogtrykkeri, 436p.

Bonzi S., Somda I., Sérémé P, Adam T., (2013) ; Efficacy of essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf, Lippia multiflora Moldenke and hot water in the control of seed-borne fungi Phoma sorghina and their effects on Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench seed germination and plants development in Burkina Faso,

Bonzi S., Somda I., Zida E., Sereme P., Adam T., (2012); Effects of plant aqueous extract of Cymbopogon cirtatus (D. C.) Stapf. on sorghum seed germination and it efficacy in controlling Phoma sorghina (Sacc.) Boerema Dorenbosh and Van Kesteren transmission from naturally infected seed to sorghum plant organs and grains in field. Archives of Phytopathology and plant protection 45 (20) : 2429-2436.

Downloads

Published

2020-10-30

How to Cite

BONZI, S., MALGOUBRI, R. ., OUEDRAOGO, N., & SOMDA, I. (2020). Evaluation of the resistance of sorghum varieties against Phoma sorghina in field conditions in Burkina Faso: Resistance of sorghum varieties againts Phoma sorghina. EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158), 6(10), 01–06. Retrieved from https://ephjournal.org/index.php/aer/article/view/1732